Kinds of Heart Diseases You Should Know

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Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death not just in the US, but also around the world. Millions of people have some kind of cardiovascular disease.

Generally, there are numerous kinds of heart disease. Several are congenital, yet most heart diseases develop over a particular period of time and affect others later in life. Some of common heart diseases include the following:

  • Silent Ischemia – A kind of coronary artery disease, wherein the blood flow to your heart muscle is reduced yet produces symptoms or little pain. Once you experience discomfort, it’s typically during physical exertion.
  • Coronary Artery Disease – Coronary artery disease is the blockage in coronary arteries. This condition in which heart muscles do not get enough oxygen and blood. The most serious impact of this heart disease is sudden death. Usually, it happens in people who have had other heart damages or heart attacks.
  • Angina – It is pain or discomfort, which happens when your heart isn’t getting enough nutrients and oxygen. Angina might be caused by the narrowing of muscle spasms or arteries in the coronary arteries. Such spasms might be induced by cold temperatures, strong emotions, cigarette smoke, and some sources. It’s crucial to note that angina is not a heart attack and does not typically cause heart damage even if it causes pain.

Generally, coronary artery spasm and atherosclerosis are the causes of angina. Angina isn’t the same for every person. While it happens usually when the heart’s working harder than the typical like after a meal and during emotional or physical stress, it may also happen when resting. Angina happens primarily in one’s chest as well as radiates down the left arm. Yet, it could be any kind of discomfort, which radiates in one’s chest, upper back, across the shoulders, neck, throat, jaw or arms.

  • Myocardial Infarction or Heart Attack – Part of one’s heart muscles can die or be damaged due to the reason the blood flow is already blocked. If blockage is brief and your heart gets enough oxygen, blood, and nutrients, the damage can be reversible. That is the reason why it’s essential for the victim to get medical assistance quickly.
  • Heart Failure – It happens when your heart is not pumping enough blood to meet the needs of your body. While some believe the misconception in which heart failure means a person is about to diet or that the heart will stop, it isn’t true. Heart failure indicates that heart isn’t squeezing and it must. Typically, it doesn’t occur suddenly yet worsens over time gradually.
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease – Like your heart, all body tissues require oxygen and some nutrients to work and survive. Atherosclerosis or fatty plaques may affect the arteries, which supply blood that’s rich in oxygen to several body areas. For instance, PAD or peripheral arterial disease happens when the oxygen-rich blood flow to the feet and legs is decreased or blocked. The blockage in blood vessels deprives the legs and feet of nutrients and oxygen and produces symptoms typically in the feet, calf muscle, and thigh.

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