Heart Disease and Its Most Important Basics

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Heart disease is just a word used for describing numerous conditions that affect the heart. A common kind of heart disease is coronary heart disease. This condition may result from a plaque buildup on the inside of arteries that reduce the blood flow to one’s heart and may level up the risk of heart attack and some heart complications.

Heart Disease and Its Symptoms

Often dubbed as a silent killer, heart disease is definitely a life threatening illness. Your doctor might not diagnose the disease until you have shown some of signs of a heart failure or heart attack. The heart disease symptoms differ depending on the particular condition. For instance, if you have heart arrhythmia, the symptoms might include slow or fast heartbeat, dizziness, chest pains, and light headedness. The symptoms of congenital heart defect can also include skin discoloration. You might also notice swelling in your stomach and legs. You can be tired easily after starting any kind of physical activity. If your heart muscles are weak, physical activity can cause shortness of breath and tiredness. Swelling and dizziness in the ankle, legs or feet are common with the cardiomyopathy. Symptoms and signs of heart infection may include irregular heartbeat, skin rash, coughing, tiredness, and so on.

Diagnosing Heart Disease

Various tests are used for diagnosing heart disease and your physician might choose a certain test based on your family history’s review and your symptoms. After chest X-ray and blood test, some tests include cardiac MRI, cardiac CT scan, echocardiogram, and EKG.

Treating Heart Disease

The treatments of heart disease depend on the condition yet may include medications and lifestyle changes. Lifestyle changes may include:

  • Boost physical activity to keep a healthy weight, improve cholesterol levels, and reduce the risk of diabetes. Aim for at least an hour of activity weekly according to experts.
  • Eat healthy diet that’s rich in omega-3 fatty acids, fiber, vegetables, and fruits. Select foods, which are low in sodium, cholesterol, and sodium to help control blood pressure.
  • Stop smoking as this could reduce your complications and risk of heart disease.
  • Learn to deal with stress. It can be either through medication, exercise, support groups or stress management therapy.
  • When it comes to alcohol, drink moderately. This could reduce your blood pressure and lower the risk of heart disease.  Men must drink not over 2 and for women, avoid drinking more than 1 alcoholic drink daily.

When your lifestyle changes don’t boost your conditions, doctors might prescribe particular medications to minimize the risk of stroke or heart attack. Such include medications, which prevent blood clotting and lower blood pressure. There are times that medical procedures are important to treat particular kinds of heart disease. These may include angioplasty in which the physician inserts flexible tube into the arteries to enhance blood flow. Oftentimes, a stent is inserted to keep the blood vessels open. Coronary artery bypass surgery is done in which the blood vessels are moved surgically from an area of the body to another, improving the blood flow to one’s heart.


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